In this exercise, learners are required to distinguish the information belong to "primary sources" or "secondary sources". Primary information source are anything created at the time when the incident/event happened. They were created with the intention to record the incident/event. It could be a document, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, a diary, an artifact, and so on. Secondary information source is anything (e.g., documents, records, artifacts, objects, and so on) that discuss, relates, or refers another piece of information existing elsewhere.
Apart from subject domain knowledge, there are some personal competencies and skills that learner may want to develop in university. The personal competencies and skills include, critical thinking, evaluating definitions, evaluating arguments, evaluating news & media, evaluating scientific studies, evaluating disagreement, and evaluating statistics & graphs.
The way you put ideas together reflect your level of understanding about the issue you have inquired in your research, which, is what your professor looks for when she/he assess your work. In this slide, it introduces 5 level of research output and note the differences between different sentences, and the depth of idea you could get.
In this slide, it explains the 4-steps-method outlined by the University of Pittsburg and it illustrate the role information and information literacy play in each step to help learners to see the bigger picture.
In this slide, it introduces the six frames for informed learning, suggested by Prof. Christine Bruce, would help learners brainstorm about the research topic in all-rounded, comprehensive way. The six aspects of your research topic that you should brainstorm for are: (1) Content frame, (2) Competency frame, (3) Learning to learn frame, (4) Personal relevance frame, (5) Social impact frame, and (6) Relational frame.
When preparing for research tasks (e.g. articles, essay, projects, reports, thesis,...), you have to go through a series of small tasks. In this slide, it elaborates and expands the research topic before carrying out the actual search.
In this slide, it introduces different type of resource was created with a particular kind of purpose: to transmit facts, to interpret the findings, to put forward a viewpoint, to let fellow workers know some important idea, and so on.
In this slide, it explains the reason why the information came from authoritative sources but still not trustworthy. The possible reason could be (1) the way information is produced, (2)carelessness or loaded with secret intentions, (3) in favour of their hidden goal, (4)not spending enough time, (5) limited topic vocabulary, (6) limited by technical barriers, (7)information that fits with your knowledge & beliefs, and (8) from a source that you think is trustworthy.