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This course discusses theoretical concepts and analysis of wave problems in science and engineering. Examples are chosen from elasticity, acoustics, geophysics, hydrodynamics, blood flow, nondestructive evaluation, and other applications.
 Subjects:
 Mechanical Engineering and Physics
 Keywords:
 Wave mechanics Wavemotion Theory of
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
This course is an introduction to principles and techniques of visual communication, and provides opportunities for science and engineering majors to acquire practical skills in the visual computer arts, in a studio environment. Students will learn how to create graphics for print and web, animations, and interactive media, and how to use these techniques to effectively communicate scientific and engineering concepts for learning and teaching. This class involves three handson creative projects, which will be presented in class.
 Subjects:
 Computing and Visualisation
 Keywords:
 Information visualization
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
In this nuclear energy course, we will tackle provocative questions such as: Is nuclear energy a good substitute for fossil fuels to reduce our CO2 emission or not? Can nuclear reactors operate safely without any harm to the public and environment? How much nuclear waste is produced and how long does it need to be stored safely? How can we make nuclear energy clean and more sustainable? How much are nuclear energy costs? You will learn the physics behind nuclear science, how to gain energy from nuclear fission, how nuclear reactors operate safely, and the life cycle of nuclear fuel: from mining to disposal. In the last part of the course, we will focus on what matters most in the public debate: the economic and social impact of nuclear energy but also the future of energy systems. Practically, we will: Teach you about nuclear science and technology (radiation and radioactivity, nuclear reactions, nuclear reactors and fuel cycle, economics of nuclear energy, and the sociality aspects) Show you short videos about the theory and practical implementation of nuclear energy Stimulate discussion and debate about nuclear energy Ask you to formulate your own opinion about nuclear energy and its role in society The GENTLE consortium has sponsored and prepared this course. GENTLE is focused on maintaining the current high level of nuclear safety, and developing a highly skilled and well informed nuclear workforce, following the conclusion of the Council of the EU that it “it is essential to maintain in the European Union a high level of training in the nuclear field” to deal with reactor fleet safely, decommission obsolete plants, be involved in new builds where policy dictates, and deal with the legacy and future radioactive wastes.
 Subjects:
 Physics and Electrical Engineering
 Keywords:
 Nuclear engineering Nuclear physics Nuclear energy
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
The focus of this course:  Applications of topology in condensed matter based on bulkedge correspondence.  Special attention to the most active research topics in topological condensed matter: theory of topological insulators and Majorana fermions, topological classification of “grand ten” symmetry classes, and topological quantum computation  Extensions of topology to further areas of condensed matter, such as photonic and mechanical systems, topological quantum walks, topology in fractionalized systems, driven or dissipative systems.
 Keywords:
 Condensed matter Topology
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
In this course, we will investigate the diverse types and functions of different RNA species, with a focus on "noncoding RNAs," i.e. those that do not directly encode proteins. The course will convey both the exciting discoveries in and frontiers of RNA research that are propelling our understanding of cell biology as well as the intellectual and experimental approaches responsible. The molecular biology revolution firmly established the role of DNA as the primary carrier of genetic information and proteins as the primary effector molecules of the cell. The intermediate between DNA and proteins is RNA, which initially was regarded as the "molecule in the middle" of the central dogma. This view has been transformed over the past two decades, as RNA has become recognized as a critical regulator of cellular processes.
 Subjects:
 Biology
 Keywords:
 Noncoding RNA RNA
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Companies and governments have to decide upon technological strategies, i.e. which products are to be developed and which processes and infrastructures are required for the future. Several tools to consider technological strategies are dealt with in this course.
 Subjects:
 Technology
 Keywords:
 Sustainable development Technological forecasting Technological innovations  Forecasting Technological innovations  Management
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Energy storage will be of major importance when more and more energy is produced using fluctuating renewable sources like wind and solar power. This course concerns two energy storage methods: storage in the form of the artificial fuel hydrogen, and storage in the form of batteries. In the transition to a sustainableenergy future, both hydrogen and batteries will likely play increasingly important roles. Hydrogen has the advantage of effectively limitless scale up potential while batteries have the advantage of high energy efficiency. Methods for sustainable and renewable hydrogen production include solar, wind power, direct photoelectrolysis of water, thermal and nuclear methods as well as biological options. The students will learn about such production methods of hydrogen using renewable energy sources, and separation technologies for clean hydrogen. The application of hydrogen requires cheap, safe, lightweight and easy to handle storage of hydrogen. The course presents current options for storage of hydrogen, including light metal hydrides, large adsorption surface, and nanostructured materials, as well as gaseous and liquid hydrogen storage. It will be explained that the ultimate solution still needs to be found. Students will get an overview of most recent advances and bottlenecks, synthesis and characterization techniques. The electrical energy storage in batteries concerns the principles of (rechargeable) batteries, mainly Liion, and the relation of the performance with material properties. The relation between properties at the atomic level with the real life battery performance will be displayed. The principles will be explained in terms of basic electrochemistry and thermodynamics. The course will present recent advantage in the field of Li ion batteries. In addition supercapacitors, allowing fast (dis)charge and based on similar principles, are part of the course.
 Subjects:
 Building Services Engineering, Chemistry, and Environmental Engineering
 Keywords:
 Storage batteries Renewable energy sources Hydrogen as fuel Energy storage Hydrogen  Storage
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
The lectures are at a beginning graduate level and assume only basic familiarity with Functional Analysis and Probability Theory. Topics covered include: Random variables in Banach spaces: Gaussian random variables, contraction principles, KahaneKhintchine inequality, Anderson’s inequality. Stochastic integration in Banach spaces I: γRadonifying operators, γboundedness, Brownian motion, Wiener stochastic integral. Stochastic evolution equations I: Linear stochastic evolution equations: existence and uniqueness, Hölder regularity. Stochastic integral in Banach spaces II: UMD spaces, decoupling inequalities, Itô stochastic integral. Stochastic evolution equations II: Nonlinear stochastic evolution equations: existence and uniqueness, Hölder regularity.
 Subjects:
 Mathematics and Statistics
 Keywords:
 Stochastic partial differential equations Evolution equations
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Provides students with the basic tools for analyzing experimental data, properly interpreting statistical reports in the literature, and reasoning under uncertain situations. Topics organized around three key theories: Probability, statistical, and the linear model. Probability theory covers axioms of probability, discrete and continuous probability models, law of large numbers, and the Central Limit Theorem. Statistical theory covers estimation, likelihood theory, Bayesian methods, bootstrap and other Monte Carlo methods, as well as hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, elementary design of experiments principles and goodnessoffit. The linear model theory covers the simple regression model and the analysis of variance. Places equal emphasis on theory, data analyses, and simulation studies.
 Subjects:
 Mathematics and Statistics and Biology
 Keywords:
 Statistics Cognitive science
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
This course offers an indepth the theoretical foundations for statistical methods that are useful in many applications. The goal is to understand the role of mathematics in the research and development of efficient statistical methods.
 Subjects:
 Mathematics and Statistics
 Keywords:
 Mathematical statistics
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Statistics is the science that turns data into information and information into knowledge. This class covers applied statistical methodology from an analysisofdata viewpoint. Topics covered include frequency distributions; measures of location; mean, median, mode; measures of dispersion; variance; graphic presentation; elementary probability; populations and samples; sampling distributions; one sample univariate inference problems, and two sample problems; categorical data; regression and correlation; and analysis of variance. Use of computers in data analysis is also explored.
 Subjects:
 Mathematics and Statistics
 Keywords:
 Statistics
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
In electrical engineering, solidstate materials and the properties play an essential role. A thorough understanding of the physics of metals, insulators and semiconductor materials is essential for designing new electronic devices and circuits. After short introduction of the IC fabrication process, the course starts with the crystallography. This will be followed by the basic principle of the quantum mechanics, the soldstate physics, bandstructure and the relation with electrical properties of the solidstate materials. When the material physics has been throughly understood, the physics of the semiconductor device follows quite naturally and can be understood quickly and efficiently.
 Subjects:
 Physics and Electrical Engineering
 Keywords:
 Semiconductors Solid state physics Matter  Properties
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
This course is intended for students enrolling for BSc with Education and BEd degrees. Solid state physics forms the backborn of physics. The module has four units: Introduction to solid state physics; Crystal defects and mechanical properties ; Thermal and electrical properties; and Band theory & Optical properties.In the first unit/activity i.e. introduction to solid state physics. The student is expected to explain the atomic structure, describe the various atomic bonds such as ionic bonds and covalent bonds. The learning will also require students to distinguish between crystalline and amorphous solids; polycrystalline and amorphous solids and to explain the production and use of Xray diffraction. In the second unit i.e. crystal defects and mechanical properties, the learning includes, differentiating between the different types of crystal defects: the point defects (vacancy, interstitials, and substitutional) and dislocations (screw and edge). Here, the student learns that point defects are very localised and are of atomic size, while dislocation is a disorder which extend beyond the volume of one or two atoms. The effects of the defects on mechanical, and electrical properties of these defects are also part of the learning that will take place. In unit three the learning outcomes include definitions of heat capacity, and explanations of variation of heat capacity with temperature based on the classical, Einstein and Debye models. The students will be required to use the free electron theory to explain high thermal and electrical conductivities of metals and also be able to derive and apply the WiedermannFrantz law. Finally, in activity four, the expected learning should enable the students to use the band theory to explain the differences between conductors, semiconductors and insulators; explain the differences between intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors in relation to the role of doping. At the end of it all, the students use the concepts of the interaction of electromagnetic waves (light) with materials to explain optical absorption, reflectivity and transmissivity.
 Subjects:
 Physics
 Keywords:
 Solid state physics
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
This class addresses the craft of writing about science in and for contemporary society, both its pleasures and its challenges. We will read essays, reportage, opeds, and webbased articles on a variety of topics concerning science, technology, medicine and nature. Readings by contemporary writers such as Elizabeth Kolbert, Atul Gawande, and Michael Pollan will serve as examples of the craft and sources of ideas for our own writing.
 Subjects:
 English Language
 Keywords:
 Technical writing
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Like other scientists, medical researchers and clinicians must be capable of presenting their work to an audience of professional peers. Unlike many scientists, however, physicians must routinely translate their sophisticated knowledge into lay terms for their own patients and for the education of the public at large. A surprising number of physicians write for less utilitarian reasons as well, choosing the narrative essay as a means of exploring the nontechnical issues that emerge in their clinical practice. Over the course of the semester, we will explore the full range of writings by physicians and other health practitioners.
 Subjects:
 English Language
 Keywords:
 Medical writing
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
8.06 is the third course in the threesequence physics undergraduate Quantum Mechanics curriculum. By the end of this course, you will be able to interpret and analyze a wide range of quantum mechanical systems using both exact analytic techniques and various approximation methods. This course will introduce some of the important model systems studied in contemporary physics, including twodimensional electron systems, the fine structure of Hydrogen, lasers, and particle scattering.
 Subjects:
 Physics
 Keywords:
 Quantum theory
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
This is the first course in the undergraduate Quantum Physics sequence. It introduces the basic features of quantum mechanics. It covers the experimental basis of quantum physics, introduces wave mechanics, Schrödinger's equation in a single dimension, and Schrödinger's equation in three dimensions. This presentation of 8.04 by Barton Zwiebach (2016) differs somewhat and complements nicely the presentation of Allan Adams (2013). Adams covers a larger set of ideas; Zwiebach tends to go deeper into a smaller set of ideas, offering a systematic and detailed treatment. Adams begins with the subtleties of superpostion, while Zwiebach discusses the surprises of interactionfree measurements. While both courses overlap over a sizable amount of standard material, Adams discussed applications to condensed matter physics, while Zwiebach focused on scattering and resonances. The different perspectives of the instructors make the problem sets in the two courses rather different.
 Subjects:
 Physics
 Keywords:
 Quantum theory
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
6.453 Quantum Optical Communication is one of a collection of MIT classes that deals with aspects of an emerging field known as quantum information science. This course covers Quantum Optics, SingleMode and TwoMode Quantum Systems, MultiMode Quantum Systems, Nonlinear Optics, and Quantum System Theory.
 Subjects:
 Electronic and Information Engineering and Physics
 Keywords:
 Quantum optics Quantum theory Nonlinear optics
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Quantum Information Processing aims at harnessing quantum physics to conceive and build devices that could dramatically exceed the capabilities of today’s “classical” computation and communication systems. In this course, we will introduce the basic concepts of this rapidly developing field.
 Subjects:
 Physics
 Keywords:
 Quantum computing Quantum theory  Data processing
 Resource Type:
 Courseware

Courseware
Vibrations and waves are everywhere. If you take any system and disturb it from a stable equilibrium, the resultant motion will be waves and vibrations. Think of a guitar string—pluck the string, and it vibrates. The sound waves generated make their way to our ears, and we hear the string’s sound. Our eyes see what’s happening because they receive the electromagnetic waves of the light reflected from the guitar string, so that we can recognize the beautiful sinusoidal waves on the string.
 Subjects:
 Physics
 Keywords:
 Waves Vibration
 Resource Type:
 Courseware