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ebook
"forall x: Calgary is a fullfeatured textbook on formal logic. It covers key notions of logic such as consequence and validity of arguments, the syntax of truthfunctional propositional logic TFL and truthtable semantics, the syntax of firstorder (predicate) logic FOL with identity (firstorder interpretations), translating (formalizing) English in TFL and FOL, and Fitchstyle natural deduction proof systems for both TFL and FOL. It also deals with some advanced topics such as modal logic, soundness, and functional completeness. Exercises with solutions are available. It is provided in PDF (for screen reading, printing, and a special version for dyslexics) and in LaTeX source code. A proof editor/checker for the proof system used is available at proofs.openlogicproject.org."BCcampus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"Introduction to Philosophy: Logic provides students with the concepts and skills necessary to identify and evaluate arguments effectively. The chapters, all written by experts in the field, provide an overview of what arguments are, the different types of arguments one can expect to encounter in both philosophy and everyday life, and how to recognise common argumentative mistakes."BCcampus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Philosophy Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"This textbook is based on the Open Logic Project. It covers naive set theory, firstorder logic, sequent calculus and natural deduction, the completeness, compactness, and LöwenheimSkolem theorems, Turing machines, and the undecidability of the halting problem and of firstorder logic"BCcampus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"This is a textbook on formal logic. The book is divided into eight parts. Part I introduces the topic and notions of logic in an informal way, without introducing a formal language yet. Parts IIIV concern truthfunctional languages. In it, sentences are formed from basic sentences using a number of connectives ('or', 'and', 'not', 'if . . . then') which just combine sentences into more complicated ones. We discuss logical notions such as entailment in two ways: semantically, using the method of truth tables (in Part III) and prooftheoretically, using a system of formal derivations (in Part IV). Parts VVII deal with a more complicated language, that of firstorder logic. It includes, in addition to the connectives of truthfunctional logic, also names, predicates, identity, and the socalled quantifiers. These additional elements of the language make it much more expressive than the truthfunctional language, and we'll spend a fair amount of time investigating just how much one can express in it. Again, logical notions for the language of firstorder logic are defined semantically, using interpretations, and prooftheoretically, using a more complex version of the formal derivation system introduced in Part IV. Part VIII covers an advanced topic: that of expressive adequacy of the truthfunctional connectives"BCcampus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"This is the WSIA edition of Trudy's Govier's seminal volume, Problems in Argument Analysis and Evaluation. Originally published in 1987 by Foris Publications, this was a pioneering work that played a major role in establishing argumentation theory as a discipline. Today, it is as relevant to the field as when it first appeared, with discussions of questions and issues that remain central to the study of argument. It has defined the main approaches to many of those issues and guided the ways in which we might respond to them. From this foundation, it sets the stage for further investigations and emerging research. This is a second edition of the book that is corrected and updated by the author, with new prefaces to each chapter."BC Campus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Reasoning Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"Concise Introduction to Logic is an introduction to formal logic suitable for undergraduates taking a general education course in logic or critical thinking, and is accessible and useful to any interested in gaining a basic understanding of logic. This text takes the unique approach of teaching logic through intellectual history
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Logic Reasoning
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
"forall x is an open access introductory textbook in formal logic. It covers translation, proofs, and formal semantics for sentential and predicate logic."BCcampus website.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Textbooks Logic
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
The goal of this book is to improve your logicalreasoning skills. These skills are also called "critical thinking skills." They are a complex weave of abilities that help you get someone's point, generate reasons for your own point, evaluate the reasons given by others, decide what or what not to do, decide what information to accept or reject, explain a complicated idea, apply conscious quality control as you think, and resist propaganda. Your most important critical thinking skill is your skill at making judgments─not snap judgments that occur in the blink of an eye, but those that require careful reasoning. This book is also available as an adaptable Word file.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Logic Critical thinking Textbooks
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
This is an introductory textbook in logic and critical thinking. The goal of thetextbook is to provide the reader with a set of tools and skills that will enablethem to identify and evaluate arguments. The book is intended for anintroductory course that covers both formal and informal logic. As such, it is nota formal logic textbook, but is closer to what one would find marketed as a“critical thinking textbook.”
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Logic Critical thinking Textbooks
 Resource Type:
 ebook

ebook
The Open Logic Text is an opensource, collaborative textbook of formal metalogic and formal methods, starting at an intermediate level (i.e., after an introductory formal logic course). Though aimed at a nonmathematical audience (in particular, students of philosophy and computer science), it is rigorous. The Open Logic Text is a collaborative project and is under active development. Coverage of some topics currently included may not yet be complete, and many sections still require substantial revision. We plan to expand the text to cover more topics in the future. We also plan to add features to the text, such as a glossary, a list of further reading, historical notes, pictures, better explanations, sections explaining the relevance of results to philosophy, computer science, and mathematics, and more problems and examples. If you find an error, or have a suggestion, please let the project team know. The project operates in the spirit of open source. Not only is the text freely available, we provide the LaTeX source under the Creative Commons Attribution license, which gives anyone the right to download, use, modify, rearrange, convert, and redistribute our work, as long as they give appropriate credit.
 Subjects:
 Philosophy
 Keywords:
 Logic Textbooks
 Resource Type:
 ebook